Global Conference: Women and Social Inclusion: From Beijing to Post-2015

Archivo UN / 
16.06.2015

English text of the Declaration of the event, which took place in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from 6 to May 8, 2015.

We, the participants in the Global Conference on Women and Social Inclusion: From Beijing to Post-2015, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina from 6-8 May 2015:

 

Recognize that twenty years have now elapsed since the Fourth World Conference on Women set out in the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, a vision and a landmark set of commitments for achieving gender equality. The Beijing Platform for Action (BPfA) identified 12 Critical Areas of Concern to guide the mainstreaming of gender in policies, strategies and programmes. In particular, it identified “the persistent and increasing burden of poverty on women” and urged the international community, governments and civil society to take a number of actions to empower women.

Note that over the last two decades there has been uneven progress towards gender equality. Although certain progress has been made to advance women’s economic independence and gender equality in social protection measures, women around the world continue to face deteriorating conditions of employment, unequal access to resources and, in most countries, unequal legal rights. They also face a disproportionate burden of unpaid domestic and care work, the recognition, reduction and redistribution of which remains a pressing challenge, as is also their full enjoyment of physical and political autonomy.

Recognize that 2015 is a critical year. It is the year in which we are reviewing progress made in the 20 years since the adoption of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action; and the year in which we shall conclude implementation of the Millennium Development Goals, and agree upon a new post-2015 development agenda, including Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Welcome the proposed SDG 5 on “achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls” that will be central to advancing the commitments made in the Beijing Platform for Action to ensure that women’s poverty is eradicated and that the economic and social rights of women and girls are fully realised.

Urge the acknowledgment of how important it is to keep to the commitments of having gender equality targets and disaggregated indicators for other key SDGs by sex, age and location, so as to identify prevailing inequalities with regard to these characteristics, reduce them and develop accountability mechanisms.

Support an integrated and universal agenda that requires linking social, economic, cultural and environmental policies, for better and more sustainable results.  A transformative agenda can only be achieved by directly and pro-actively addressing gender inequalities through such interlinked policies.

Call on governments and international cooperation agencies to collect data broken down by sex, age, cultural diversity and location; and analyze data and statistics from a gender perspective to effectively monitor progress towards the achievement of the Poverty Actions of the BPfA and the post-2015 development agenda.

Recommend that the gender perspective be mainstreamed in social protection systems, with special emphasis on the care of women throughout their life cycle, guaranteeing decent work and social security for all women, regardless of their kind of productive activities and reproductive responsibilities.

Recommend that their access to, use and control of productive land as well as credit, assets, natural resources, means of production, information technologies and markets be guaranteed, with a view to achieving women’s economic independence and reducing gender-based structural economic inequalities.

Recommend that their physical, financial and cultural access to good quality health services be guaranteed, particularly to reduce maternal mortality rates and prevent pregnancy among girls and adolescents; and, moreover, to good quality education and community infrastructure, including electricity, water, housing, sanitation and transport so the aforementioned does not represent an additional burden on women.

Urge the recognition, reduction and redistribution of unpaid domestic and care work as a central element for gender equality and the reduction of inter-generational poverty; and the recognition of poverty of time as a crucial dimension to measure multidimensional poverty.  Likewise, we urge the recognition of unpaid productive work performed by women within households or family businesses.

 

Recommend that renewed emphasis be placed on the importance of equal access of girls, adolescents and women to quality technical and vocational training, both formal and non-formal, at all levels and in all sectors, including science and the new technologies.

Recommend the promotion of urban development addressing the needs of women and their right to services, safe housing, public spaces and quality mobility, meeting the needs imposed by internal migration flows.     

Urge recognition of the important role played by women in managing natural resources  and protecting the environment, and work to ensure women’s full participation in the debate on climate change and policies with regard to climate change mitigation, adaptation and resilience.

Recommend that actions be taken to maintain change in global temperatures within limits that take into account regional climate differences and specific geographical situations, such as those of small island States; and ensure food production and livelihood sustainability for women from an inter-cultural approach.

Urge acknowledgment of women’s contribution to work in their communities and to public policies, and ensure their effective participation with a view to guaranteeing their voices and decisions are present in the diagnosis, implementation and accountability of local, regional and national policies.

Recommend that the role of women as agents of cultural change be recognized; and that their collective and individual actions be reinforced, by allocating resources to women’s social movements and networks.

Recommend that access to justice and redress of women’s human rights be ensured and improved, emphasizing economic and social rights, so women can enjoy full well-being.

Call for the prevention and combating of all forms of violence against women and girls, as a core and cross-cutting element to achieve fundamental rights, and take all measures for the reparation of women in a situation of violence, particularly emphasizing economic and property-related reparation;

Urge national and international actors to recognize the differentiated effects of crises and conflicts on women and girls, and encourage gender-targeted policies to enable recovery and reduce women’s poverty and vulnerability in these settings, and take timely measures to avoid an escalation that worsens the situation of women and girls. 

Urge governments and international organizations to guarantee the life, security and dignity of refugee and displaced women, as well as women in receiving communities, and make a call for enhancing programmes and actions to redress situations of poverty resulting from humanitarian crises and conflicts.

Urge the recognition of differentiated effects of economic crises on women, and make efforts to include the gender perspective in macroeconomic recovery and resilience plans.

Urge governments and international organizations to ensure the necessary budgets to solve gender inequalities and guarantee women’s agency by promoting fairer economic development.

Call on governments, international organizations and civil society to increase women’s participation in decision-making in the executive, legislative and judicial branches as well as in the private sector, in trade unions and employer associations; and to mobilize public and private sector resources in support of leaders, as well as promote gender equality and the elimination of all forms of discrimination by gender, race, ethnic origin, age, disability or sexual orientation, or any kind of discrimination in access to and safety in public spaces and at the workplace.  

Recommend the promotion of south-south cooperation and the exchange of knowledge, experiences and practices on gender equality and women’s economic independence, harnessing progress achieved by some countries in this field.

Recommend that the presence of women in development funding decisions be guaranteed, within the Addis Ababa summit, and significantly increase funds allocated to women’s empowerment and gender mainstreaming.

 

Spanish text of the Declaration of the event

Discurso de la Directora Ejecutiva de ONU Mujeres, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, en la apertura de la Conferencia

Palabras de la Administradora del PNUd, Helen Clark, en la Conferencia